Welcome to the California Supreme Court Committee on Judicial Ethics Opinions (CJEO) website. The Supreme Court established CJEO to provide written advisory opinions and confidential advice on judicial ethics issues. CJEO is composed of twelve current and former judicial officers. It is independent of all other entities and maintains confidentiality in all of its opinions and advice. CJEO accepts requests from the judiciary for ethics opinions and welcomes suggestions from the public on judicial ethics topics that are of interest and importance to the community.

CJEO provides:

Here’s how to access these services and more:

Formal Opinions

CJEO publishes formal written advisory opinions that address judicial ethics topics of interest to the judiciary and the public (Cal. Rules of Court, rule 9.80(i)(2); CJEO rule 6 (b).)  Judicial officers and judicial candidates may request a formal opinion and

Oral Advice Summaries

CJEO provides oral advice that addresses judicial ethics inquiries from judicial officers and candidates for judicial office.  (Cal. Rules of Court, rule 9.80(e)(1) & (j)(3) [committee authorized to issue oral advice and adopt voting procedures]; CJEO rule 4(b) [oral advice determined by

Informal Opinion Summaries

CJEO provides informal written advisory opinions that address judicial ethics inquiries from judicial officers and candidates for judicial office.  (Cal. Rules of Court, rule 9.80(j)(3); CJEO rule 7(e).)  CJEO summarizes the informal opinions it provides and publishes the summaries for

Invitations to Comment

The committee invites and welcomes public comments on CJEO draft formal opinions.  CJEO posts Invitations to Comment after draft formal opinions have been approved by the committee.  Comments may be submitted using the online comment form or by contacting the CJEO

Education & Resources

Learn more about judicial ethics, view educational opportunities, and utilize research resources provided by CJEO and others.

Request an Opinion

CJEO considers all requests for opinions or advice from judicial officers or candidates and all suggestions for opinions from the public when determining whether to issue judicial ethics guidance. To make a request or suggest an opinion, contact CJEO for